Counting the Rupiah: Examining Indonesia’s National Income

Indonesia, the largest economy in Southeast Asia, has experienced significant economic growth in recent years. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) has been steadily increasing, and it has become an important player in the global economy. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at Indonesia’s national income, its main sources, and how it’s distributed.

What is National Income?

National income is the total amount of money earned by a country’s citizens and businesses. It includes wages, profits, and other types of income generated within the country’s borders. National income is an important measure of a country’s economic health, as it reflects the amount of wealth being created within the country.

Indonesia’s National Income

According to the World Bank, Indonesia’s GDP was $1.1 trillion in 2020, making it the 16th largest economy in the world. The country’s economy has been growing at an average rate of 5% per year over the past decade. This growth has been driven by a combination of factors, including a young and growing population, a large consumer market, and government policies aimed at boosting economic development.

The main sources of Indonesia’s national income are:

  • Agriculture: Indonesia is a major producer of rice, palm oil, rubber, and other agricultural products. Agriculture accounts for around 14% of the country’s GDP and employs around 35% of its workforce.
  • Manufacturing: Indonesia has a large manufacturing sector, which includes the production of textiles, electronics, and other consumer goods. Manufacturing accounts for around 20% of the country’s GDP.
  • Tourism: Indonesia is a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, cultural attractions, and natural wonders. Tourism accounts for around 5% of the country’s GDP.
  • Mining and Energy: Indonesia is rich in natural resources, including coal, gold, and oil. The mining and energy sector accounts for around 10% of the country’s GDP.

Distribution of National Income

Despite its economic growth, Indonesia still faces significant income inequality. According to the World Bank, around 10% of the population lives below the poverty line, and income inequality has been increasing in recent years. The richest 10% of Indonesians earn around 40% of the country’s income, while the poorest 10% earn just 1%. The government has implemented various programs aimed at reducing poverty and promoting economic development in disadvantaged areas.


Indonesia’s national income has been steadily increasing in recent years, driven by a combination of factors including agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, and mining. Despite this growth, the country still faces significant income inequality, with a large portion of the population living below the poverty line. The government has implemented various measures to address this issue and promote economic development across the country.

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